The current phase of globalization has fostered growing bipolarization, with China catching up with the United States both economically and strategically. In the meantime, the world is becoming increasingly unstable: crises in the Middle East, complex coexistence between Russia and Europe, regions of instability in Africa… In this context, Europe and Africa have never been so interested in each other. For many Africans, Europe is both a land of economic attraction and a continent with which it remains difficult to engage in a trusting relationship. There are more and more States building relationships with so-called Southern countries – in particular China, India, Turkey and Brazil – are more and more numerous. For many Europeans, Africa is both an economic Eldorado and a continent that raises concerns, particularly linked to its demography and migration. How do we reconcile these perceptions? How do we build effective collaborations between both regions? How do we contribute to their economic, social and political development in the coming decades?
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