Presentation - Call for Papers - Stability and Security in Africa : The Role of Hard and Soft Power
Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane
Defining power is complex and ambiguous but understanding its elements and implications on national and foreign policies remains central to the study of international relations. Both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ powers are employed to pursue political and strategic goals through military, economic, diplomatic and others ways of conquering hearts and minds, to create convincing incentives and exercise influence.
Introduced in 1990, the notion of soft power refers to a country’s ability to spread its influence and effectively persuade without the use of coercion and traditional force. However, while on the aftermath of the Cold War this concept exclusively referred to the cultural and economic force of persuasion of the United States in the international scene, currently, the use of soft power is no longer specific to US foreign diplomacy. In fact, emerging powers such as China and India are also using their soft power resources including investments, foreign aid and cultural products to bring forward their national interests and strategic goals abroad.
The use of military, economic or diplomatic tools to leverage diplomatic efforts continues to represent a perennial issue in the field of international relations. The dichotomy between hard and soft power has also been revisited and questioned as some argue that a “grey” area exists where both means are used by states to defend in their interest. The growth of violent extremism and the challenge this represents to the existing international order has also called for an inclusive and comprehensive approach that brings together hard and soft power tools. These mechanisms have been increasingly taken into account within the African continent, where policy makers do not only count on the effect traditional power can have in ending crises and conflicts.
The promotion of good governance practices, stronger economic cooperation and the availability of alternative narratives to the extremist discourse combined with relevant diplomatic tools to promote social justice and equality, quality education, better infrastructure, social empowerment and fair job opportunities for the youth is often going hand in hand with military means in order to find sustainable and effective solutions to security threats and conflicts. In addition, food also, has the potential to become a dominant political issue worldwide and mostly in Africa where the population is set to double by 2050.
The OCP Policy Center in partnership with Al Akhawayn University are organizing a seminar during which they invite the selected participants to the call for paper on “Stability and Security in Africa: the Role of Hard and Soft Power” to present the content of their research papers. The seminar will allow participants to discuss the structure and outcome of their research with the members of the scientific committee and the audience ahead of the final selection round.
For more information about this seminar, please send your questions to the following email address: email@example.com.
|09:30 – 10:00||
- Nizar Messari, Dean, Al Akhawayn University
|10:00 – 10:30||
Keynote Speech: "Soft Power and Traditional African Conflict Management"
William I. Zartman, Professor Emeritus, The Johns Hopkins University-SAIS and former President, the Tangier American Institute for Moroccan studies
|10:30 – 11:30||
Session 1: Security Approach assessment in North Africa - strategic and human challenges
Author(s) of Paper:
Badr Dehbi, Abdelmalek Saadi University, Morocco
"R2P et droits de l’homme en Afrique/ Cas de la Libye et du Mali"
Brahim Saidy, Dept of International Affairs, Qatar University
"Security Sector Reform in Maghreb: finding a realistic approach"
|11:30 – 11:45||
|11:45 – 13:00||
Session 2: Case studies – A conceptual analysis of resolution mechanisms for intrastate insurgencies and terrorist threat
Author(s) of Paper
Catherine Bartenge, Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya
"At a crossroads: South Sudan’s elusive conflict resolution strategy"
Bruno Mve Ebang, Omar Bongo University, Gabon
"Le Smart Power des petits états Africains dans la résolution des conflits"
John Omale, Dept of Sociology, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria
"The Role of Hard and Soft Powers in counter-insurgency in Nigeria: a critical discourse analysis"
|14:15 – 15:15||
Session 3: Regional organizations and the development of collective security systems in Africa
Author(s) of Paper
Sergio Aguilar, State University of São Paulo (UNESP), Brazil
"Regional Conflict System in Africa: an Option for Analysis”
Abdelhamid Bakkali, Université Mohamed V – Souissi, Morocco
"Sécurité collective en Afrique : Appropriation de la reflexion stratégique"
|15:15 – 15:30||
|15:30 – 16:45||
Session 4: Rising Powers and the African Security Landscape
Author(s) of Paper
Larbi Ait Oumghar, Université Mohamed V – Souissi, Morocco
"Impact de la puissance douce dans les pays émergents ‘BRICS’ sur leur commerce extérieur"
Mohamed Ouhemmou, Hassan II University, Morocco
“Manufacturing Sympathy: Education, Soft Power, and Moroccan diplomacy in West Africa"
Mounia Slighoua, Toulouse 1-École doctorale Sciences juridiques et politiques, Morocco
"The BRICS and Soft Power tools in Africa"